New Zealand Legal Prostitution

In 2000, a personal vote to read the bill for the first time was passed by 87 votes to 21. [33] Out of 221 submissions to the Judicial and Election Committee, approximately 41% supported the bill in general, 56% opposed it in general, and 3% were neutral. [34] The 2002 report of the Judiciary and Elections Committee recommended by a majority that the bill be passed with amendments. [35] The report was followed by the second reading, during which a personal vote was adopted by 66 votes to 52. [36] Significant amendments were made to the bill when it was passed by Parliament. For example, a certification system for brothel operators was included, as well as provisions prohibiting persons holding a restricted entry visa from working or investing in prostitution businesses. Part IV, which established the Prostitution Law Review Committee (the Committee) and the legal review, was also included. [37] A personal vote in 2003 to have the bill read a third time was adopted by 60 votes to 59 with one abstention (for a timetable for the passage of the law, see Table 1). [38] Fears of prostitution increased during World War I, when health activist Ettie Rout attempted to combat STDs among New Zealand soldiers. [16] The Police Offences Act 1927 provided the same penalties as the Police Offences Act 1884 for “ordinary prostitutes” who loitered in public places, harassed passengers, and behaved publicly “rioting or indecent.” This also applied to owners of “refreshment stands” who knowingly allowed or suffered prostitutes. [17] Another concern arose from World War II and the stationing of American forces in New Zealand.

[18] Under the Crimes Act of 1961, keeping a brothel, living off the avails of prostitution, and arranging sexual intercourse were offences, each punishable by up to five years` imprisonment. [19] The Massage Parlours Act of 1978 was intended to monitor and regulate the industry and was passed out of fear of crime in brothels. [20] Massage parlor operators were required to be licensed and could not have been convicted of prostitution-related offences under the Police Offences Act 1927 and the Crimes Act 1961 in the 10 years preceding the licence application. [21] The licence could be revoked if a masseur or masseuse employed or employed by the holder was convicted of prostitution or if an act of prostitution was facilitated by ineffective supervision. [22] The law prohibited persons convicted of drug or prostitution offences from being employed in such establishments. Since massage parlors were legally defined as public places, workers could be convicted of advertising on the premises. This effectively forced them into unauthorized arenas when they decided to continue working in the sex industry. [23] After the law was passed, the Maxim Institute and other conservative Christian organizations attempted to collect a reasonable number of signatures for a citizen-initiated referendum under the 1993 Citizen-Initiated Referendums Act. [22] The initiative was supported by two United Future legislators, Gordon Copeland, the bill`s most vocal critic, and Larry Baldock.

[23] Although an extension was approved, anti-prostitution groups did not reach the number of certified signatures required for a citizen-initiated referendum. The Labour Party returned to power (1999-2008) and Tim Barnett (Labour Christchurch Central 1996-2008) took responsibility for introducing it as a private member`s bill to decriminalise prostitution. This was based on the New South Wales Harm Reduction Model (1996). The bill was introduced and balloted on September 21, 2000, drawn by lot as No. 3, and debated on November 8 as Bill 66-1 (87:21), passed first reading by a vote of 87-21. The party`s support came from the Greens, particularly Sue Bradford (List, 1999-2009). It was rejected by New Zealand First, which proposed the Swedish approach of criminalizing the purchase of sexual services. She then turned to the Special Committee (Judiciary and Elections),[18] which received 222 petitions and heard 66 petitions that amended and reported on the bill on November 29, 2002 after the 2002 election, the bill now known as Bill 66-2. Dissenting minority opinions were recorded by members of National, New Zealand First, ACT New Zealand and United Future. It was a bill for private members and, theoretically, members had a conscience vote. However, the three members of the coalition from 1999 to 2002 (Labour, Greens, Alliance) all had decriminalisation in their programmes. Later, Premier Helen Clark seconded the bill.

♦ No increase in the prevalence of prostitution since 2003, neither in the number of those who offer commercial sexual services nor in those who buy them. However, doubts have been expressed about the bill`s ability to address these issues, illustrating the broader debate on ways to combat street prostitution. Police said banning street prostitution in one area is likely to move sex workers to another area. There is concern that with the prohibition of street prostitution in some areas, sex workers will be forced to move to inherently more dangerous areas, putting additional pressure on police resources. Other laws, such as the Summary Offences Act, 1981 and the Bedding Act, 1979, could also be better tailored to community concerns. [81] The bill has attracted interest from other local councils, such as Christchurch. [82] In this case, in May 2012, Council unanimously decided to hold consultations on a bill limiting the location of brothels and controlling the display of commercial sexual services. [83] Prohibition of use for prostitution by persons under 18 years of age 20. It is prohibited to induce, support, facilitate or encourage a person under the age of 18 to provide commercial sexual services to anyone. 21. No person shall receive a payment or other reward that he or she knows, or ought reasonably to know, is made, directly or indirectly, from commercial sexual services provided by a person under 18 years of age. 22.

No person may participate in commercial sexual services of persons under 18 years of age or be a client of a person under 18 years of age. 1. No person shall enter into a contract or other agreement under which a person under the age of 18 is to provide commercial sexual services to that person or another person. (2) No person shall receive commercial sexual services from a person under 18 years of age. 23. Every person who violates section 20, 21 or 22 is guilty of an offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term of up to 7 years if convicted. (2) No person shall violate section 20 by offering legal advice, advice, advice of health or medical services to a person under 18 years of age. 3. No person under 18 years of age shall be prosecuted as a party to an offence committed against or with that person against this Article. The New Zealand Prostitutes` Collective (NZPC) is a New Zealand-based organisation that supports the rights of sex workers and educates prostitutes on how to minimise the risks of work. It was founded in 1987 by Catherine Healy, among others, and received funding from the Minister of Health in 1988 and then from the Ministry of Health (which became the Ministry of Health). The organization played an important role in the decriminalization of prostitution.

Hamilton City Council has a bylaw that prohibits advertising. This is likely an illegal regulation because it recriminalizes prostitution and undermines laws that have decriminalized sex work and prostitution. But we won`t know for sure until someone takes legal action against her. For example, it is legal for a person under the age of 18 to be a sex worker, but it is illegal for others to benefit from it or to induce them to support, facilitate or encourage them to offer commercial sexual services to a person. It is also illegal for anyone to purchase sexual services from anyone under the age of 18. The media will likely require photo identification before advertising to ensure they comply with this law. The “adequacy” defence has been removed, but sex workers who appear to be minors may be required by police to provide proof of age. [67] New Zealand decriminalized prostitution in 2003 and is the best example in the world of how society and government can accept and manage sex work humanely.